What is pellets

The pellet is a natural fuel composed exclusively of wood. Cylindrical shaped of 0,24 or 0,31 inches in diameter with a maximum of 1,57 inches in length, it is obtained through the drying and compression of sawdust and other wastes from sawmilling and other wood products manufacture. The lignin plasticizes slightly forming a natural "glue" that holds the pellet together as it cools.


It is sold in bags ranging from 22,05 to 33,07 oz, therefore easily storing and handling by anyone. Being a dry product, it doesnít mess and hasnít got any unpleasant odors, on the contrary, it often smells nice to someone. Due to its homogeneous shape, pellets acts like a liquid because the stove baskets donít need to be filled continuously.


The pellet is cheap to produce it in fact requires less energy than traditional fuels and equal heat produced is cheaper than oil, natural gas and firewood. Low emissions means taxes and reduced tax incentives aimed at increasing consumption and use as an alternative fuel. Thanks to its pressing, the pellet has an average density of 650 kg/m3, which gives it a calorific double compared to wood in logs, with equal volume.


Pellets are considered a renewable resource because its production doesnít involve the cutting of new trees but they are obtained through the drying and compression of sawdust and other wastes from sawmilling and other wood products manufacture.
They are environmental friendly having CO2 emissions almost equal to zero, enough to produce the same amount of wood in nature. Moreover, the ashes produced by the combustion of the pellet can be used as fertilizer for plants and flowers, because pellets are atossic and totally free from additives and glue.


As the pellet market is a fairly recent phenomenon, no mandatory certification is required. The current legislation is often different from country to country and deals only with the harmful emissions produced by the combustion. In order to offer the same pellets quality all over Europe, many countries are using the ENplus certificate. For the first time the whole chain of woodpellets, from production till delivery to the final customer, is covered by a single certification system, therefore ensuring high quality as well as transparency. A high-quality woodpellet has to meet the following requirements:
a very low moisture and ash content;
when handled, little dust must be produced;
as for the color, it has to remain as much homogeneous as possible, even though it may vary according to the type and quality of wood. The presence of bark, for example, which isnít considered a good fuel, can modify the tone and therefore reduce the thermal performance.

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